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April 2008

Children Imprisoned by Circumstance

Many children around the world live in prison with mothers who have been accused or sentenced. The children themselves have committed no crimes. This paper focuses primarily on “the situations in which children enter prison and the effect it has on them after they leave,” thereby filling a crucial gap in the existing literature. The study draws on fieldwork from several national contexts.

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August 2007

Neither Mountain nor Molehill -UN Human Rights Council:
 One Year On

This publication was developed by Rachel Brett and covers the first year of existence of what was then the newest international human rights mechanism, the UN Human Right’s Council. It covers the period from 19 June 2006 to 18 June 2007. The report gives an overview of the Council’s first year of operation, and the differences between it and its predecessor – the UN Commission on Human Rights.

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April 2007

The Impact of Parental Imprisonment on Children

One of QUNO’s earlier studies on the effects of parental imprisonment on children.  All through the criminal justice system, which focuses almost exclusively on the offender from arrest to post-release, the best interests of children are rarely taken into account. The paper highlights some of the experiences of children with an imprisoned parent and identifies some good practices that offer “well-considered and holistic solutions to particular problems.”

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February 2007

Pre-trial Detention of Women and its Impact on Their Children

“Drawing together findings from academics, professionals and the United Nations, this paper examines the ways in which women are disproportionately affected by pre- trial detention and how this impacts on their children. It considers the reasons for the over-use of pre-trial detention, issues around over-long periods of detention and the problems of inappropriate conditions of detention for pre-trial detainees. It also provides practical suggestions for improvements as well as a range of alternatives to pre-trial detention.”

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January 2006

Demanding Attention: Addressing the Dynamics of Small Arms Demand

This is a joint publication by QUNO and the Small Arms Survey.  It summarizes the findings of a multi-year project that included research in Brazil, Colombia, South Africa, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. The paper aimed to inform the debates at the 2006 Review Conference (reviewing implementation of the 2001 UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects). Most international debates focus on the supply-related dimensions of small arms problems, which include, for instance, regulating arms brokers, establishing controls on arms transfers etc. This paper brings a necessary, complementary view, to broaden the international community’s understanding of those demand factors that underpin and drive small arms dynamics. The paper provides some practical suggestions about how demand issues may be taken up in the future.

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April 2005

Advancing the Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples: a Critical Challenge for the International Community: Voices from a forum at the 61st session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights

This report was presented by Amnesty International, la Fédération Internationale des Ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), the Netherlands Centre for Indigenous Peoples (NCIV), Friends World Committee for Consultation (Quakers), and Rights and Democracy. These organizations organized a Forum at the 61st session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, at which several discussants raised issues for consideration. This report is a compilation of voices at the panel, which included including Louise Arbour, then UN High Commissioner for Human Rights; Rodolfo  Stavenhagen, U.N Special Rapporteur on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Willie Littlechild, Rapporteur of the U.N. Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues; Dalee Sambo Dorough of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference; Mililani Trask, a native Hawaiian attorney with an NGO called Na Koa Ikaika O Ka Lahui.

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January 2004

Bilateral Agreements and a TRIPS-plus World: The Chile-USA Free Trade Agreement

Focuses on the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Chile and the United States of America (U.S.). The paper deals with broad aspects of trade, including general provisions establishing a free trade zone between the two countries, settlement of disputes, market access, services, investment, telecommunications and intellectual property (IP).

Its purpose is to contribute to a better understanding of TRIPs-plus issues, the specific contents of the FTA and the lessons that could be drawn from the negotiations between the most powerful and technologically advanced country in the world – with clear stakes in IPRs – and a small and dynamic developing country that has one of the most open and liberal economies of the Americas.

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December 2003

Multilateral Agreements and a TRIPS-plus World: The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Discusses TRIPs-plus standards at the multilateral level particularly in negotiations at the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).

The World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) substantially changed the international intellectual property regime by introducing the principle of minimum intellectual property standards. This paper discusses WIPO's structure, decision making and mandate in relation to UN development goals, and its role in harmonising patent law standards. It also considers the TRIPs-plus concept and provides policy recommendations for a development orientated international intellectual property system.

This is TRIPs issues paper number 3, published by QUNO Geneva and Quaker International Affairs Programme (QIAP), Ottawa.

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August 2003

Regional & Bilateral Agreements and a TRIPS-plus world: The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)

Provides an overview, based on intellectual property rights negotiations in the Americas, of some of the implications of regional and bilateral Trade Related aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPs) plus agreements for the current minimum standards under TRIPs. It discusses the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA) in relation to TRIPs, and argues that the push towards ever-stronger IPRs threatens to undermine the balance achieved in many national laws and the capacity of developing countries to use flexibilities existing at the international level to achieve developmental and public policy goals.

This is TRIPs Issues Paper number 1, published by QUNO, Geneva and the Quaker International Affairs Programme (QIAP), Ottawa.

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January 2003

The Voices of Girl Child Soldiers

This set of publications focuses on the experiences of girl children who have been soldiers. It discusses the different circumstances under which different girls became child soldiers, the range of experiences during the period during which they were part of a fighting force, and their futures once they are no longer part of the fighting force.

In-depth interviews with former girl child soldiers were carried out in Angola, Colombia, Philippines and Sri Lanka.

See also: oral statement to 59th session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, and Girl Soldiers: Challenging the Assumptions.

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Young Soldiers: Why they choose to fight

This publication seeks to better understand the realities facing boys and girls who “volunteer” for participation in armed conflict, highlighting personal, socio-economic and political factors that motivate their decisions to participate. It is based on in-depth interviews with young soldiers and ex-soldiers from around the world, including the conflict situations in Afghanistan, Colombia, the Congo, Northern Ireland, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sri Lanka.

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  • an oral statement submitted to the 60th session of the UN Commission on Human Rights,
  • a written statement submitted to the 60th session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, and
  • This paper presented at a conference of the Spanish Red Cross

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